Preventing Water Damage With a Sump Pump
Going down to the basement and finding both feet in water is not something anybody wants to experience. But there is a way to help avoid it. If you have a home with a basement, chances are you have a sump pump to prevent water damage.
What is a sump pump?
A sump pump is installed ... in the sump. A sump is the basin that is located in the basement of your house. It’s easy to recognize – it’s the hole where there’s water! There is always water under a foundation and this is perfectly normal. What’s vital is that a sump pump drains this water out of the house.
How it works
The sump pump is part of a complete building drainage system commonly known as a French drain. This drain collects water from around the foundation of the house and sends it to the sump pit in the basement. The water is then evacuated outside the house thanks to the pump.
Most pumps found in homes have a captive float. When the water rises in the sump, the float is activated. The pump then begins its work by discharging the water to the outside.
Types of pumps
There are several types of sump pumps, including submersible, column and battery pumps. Before going to a hardware store, measure the diameter of the sump. With this measurement, the store employee will be able to tell you what type of pump will work best in your home.
For example, if the sump is very narrow, a column pump will work best. If the sump is large, a submersible pump with a captive float will work.
Not every home need a sump pump. It’s all about water drainage. A home built on sandy soil where water drains naturally does not have the same needs as a house built on clay or flooded soil, which will need a bigger push to drain the water.
You can never be too careful
A back-up pump for your sump pump? Definitely!
A sump pump can fail at any time. Far from lasting forever, a pump needs to be replaced when rust or frayed wires appear, or simply because of wear and tear over time. One thing is certain, an emergency back-up pump will be of great help to you in these situations. If the power goes out during a torrential downpour, you'll be pretty proud to have a pump that will keep your basement from flooding. It’s better to be overly cautious!
Home maintenance is essential, and be sure to add regularly checking the condition of your sump pump to your list. It’s easy to do, simply activate it manually. A word of advice: keep an eye out for melting snow in the spring or heavy rainfall, as these are the times when your pump needs to be working.
Remember, no one is safe from water damage in the basement. So be sure to take the necessary precautions.